Dr. Bernhard Scheid, Curriculum Vitae

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Fields of research

  • 1995–2014: Japanese religious and intellectual history, in particular the premodern history of Shinto
  • 2005–2014: Modern research history of Shinto
  • 1990–1996: History of old age in the Japanese medieval period

Present position

Research fellow at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Institute for the Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia (Institut für Kultur- und Geistesgeschichte Asiens)

Personal information

  • Married to the translator and cultural manager Mine Scheid-Katayama, two children
  • Lives and works in Vienna
  • Austrian citizenship

Academic education

  • 1999: Ph.D. (cum laude) at the University of Vienna. Dissertation title: Yoshida Shinto: Eine esoterische Lehre des japanischen Spätmittelalters. Chair: Prof. Dr. Sepp Linhart.
  • 1994–1996: Monbusho Scholarship to study Eastern Philosophy at Waseda University, Tokyo.
  • 1993: M.A.
  • 1985: Change to Japanese Studies.
  • 1980: Matriculation at the University of Vienna to study Cultural Anthropology

Professional experience

  • 2012: Visiting professor at the Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Dept. of Theology, Institute for Religious Studies, for the summer term 2012
  • 2007: Organization of an international symposium “Shinto Studies and Nationalism” at the Austrian Academy of Sciences.
  • 2004: Organization of an international symposium “The Culture of Secrecy in Japanese Religion” at the Austrian Academy of Sciences.
  • 2003/8: Convener of the Religion and History of Ideas Section at the Tenth International Conference of EAJS (European Association for Japanese Studies) in Warsaw (organization together with Dr. Birgit Staemmler, Tübingen).
  • 2002: Editorial work for a special issue on Shinto of the Japanese Journal of Religious Studies together with Prof. Mark Teeuwen, Oslo.
  • Since 2002: Permanent research fellow in the field of Japanese Studies at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia.
  • Since 2001: Lecturer on “Religion in Japan” and related subjects at Vienna University, Dept. of East Asian Studies.
  • 2001: Organization of a workshop on “New Perspectives on Shinto” at the Dept. of East Asian Studies, Vienna University.
  • 1997–2001: Employed at the Institute for Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia to do research on Yoshida Shinto.
  • 1990–1994: Employed at the Institute for Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia as an undergraduate research fellow. Joins a research project on the Old age in the Japanese medieval period.

Academic web projects and services

Languages

  • German (mother tongue)
  • English (fluent)
  • Japanese (fluent)
  • French (reading ability)
  • Italian (reading ability)

Additional interests/ hobbies

  • The game of Go: 1990, 1992, 1998, 1999, 2003, and 2004 Winner of the Austrian National Go-Championship. Participations as Austrian representative at several World Amateur Go Championships in Japan, China, and Korea.
  • Computer progamming and webdesign: HTML, CSS, Javascript, MediaWiki.


Bibliography

(November 2014)

Monographs

  • 2001 Der Eine und Einzige Weg der Götter: Yoshida Kanetomo und die Erfindung des Shinto. (BKGA 38.) Wien: VÖAW.
  • 1996 Im Innersten meines Herzens empfinde ich tiefe Scham: Das Alter im Schrifttum des japanischen Mittelalters. (BKGA 16.) Wien: VÖAW.

Edited Volumes

  • forthcoming, Max Deeg, Bernhard Scheid, ed., Religion in China: Majority Concepts and Minority Positions. Wien: VÖAW.
  • 2013 Bernhard Scheid, ed., with Kate Wildman Nakai., Kami Ways in Nationalist Territory: Shinto Studies in Prewar Japan and the West. (BKGA 78.) Wien: VÖAW.
  • 2006 Bernhard Scheid, Mark Teeuwen, ed., The Culture of Secrecy in Japanese Religion. London, New York: Routledge.
  • 2002 Mark Teeuwen, Bernhard Scheid, ed., Tracing Shinto in the History of Kami Worship. (Special Issue of Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 29:3–4.) Nagoya: Nanzan Institute for Religion & Culture.

Online Projects

Essays

  • forthcoming, “Synkretismus als Methode: Die Sieben Glücksgötter Japans im Spannungsfeld von Buddhismus und Volksreligion.”
  • 2014, “Shōmu Tennō and the Deity from Kyushu: Hachiman’s Initial Rise to Prominence.” Japan Review 27 (2014), S: 31–52.
  • 2014, “Das Erbe der Wiener Kulturkreislehre: Oka Masao als Schüler Wilhelm Schmidts.” Minikomi 83, pp. 5-21.
  • 2014, “Wer schützt wen? Hachimanismus, Buddhismus und Tennōismus im Altertum.” Asiatische Studien / Etudes Asiatiques 68:1 (2014), pp. 263–84.
  • 2013, “Introduction: Shinto Studies and the Nonreligious-Shrine Doctrine.“ In: Bernhard Scheid (ed.), Kami Ways in Nationalist Territory, pp. 1–22.
  • 2013, “In Search of Lost Essence: Nationalist Projections in German Shinto Studies.“ In: Bernhard Scheid (ed.), Kami Ways in Nationalist Territory, pp. 237–64.
  • 2013 “Bunkaken to bunkasō: Oka Masao to Wilhelm Schmidt no minzokugaku ronsetsu.” (Cultural circles and cultural layers: Oka Masao and Wilhelm Schmidt’s ethnological theories.) In: Josef Kreiner (ed.), Nihon minzokugaku no senzen to sengo: Oka Masao to Nihon minzokugaku no ashiwake. Tokyo: Tōkyōdō Shuppan, pp. 362−93.
  • 2013 “Sich selbst (nicht) genügend: Das Alter aus Sicht buddhistischer Quellen des japanischen Mittelalters.” In: Karl Baier und Franz Winter (ed.), Das Alter in den Religionen. Wien, Berlin: Lit Verlag, pp. 76–102.
  • 2012 “‘May the Leaves and Twigs of my Descendants Bloom Forever.’ Posthumous Deification among Political Rulers in Pre-Modern Japan.”  In: Karl-Heinz Spieß, Immo Warntjes (ed.), Death at Court. Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz, pp. 321–338.
  • 2012 “Shinto Shrines: Traditions and Transformations." In: Inken Prohl and John Nelson (ed.), Handbook of Contemporary Japanese Religions. Leiden: Brill, pp. 75–105.
  • 2012 “Shinto as a Religion for the Warrior Class: The Case of Yoshikawa Koretaru.” In: W.J. Boot (ed.), Critical Readings in the Intellectual History of Early Modern Japan, vol. II. Leiden: Brill, pp. 791–816. (Reprint of 2002)
  • 2011 “Text-basierte Legitimationsstrategien im japanischen Shintō.” In: Max Deeg, Oliver Freiberger, Christoph Kleine (ed.), Kanonisierung und Kanonbildung in der asiatischen Religionsgeschichte. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 491–514.
  • 2009 “Memories of the Divine Age: Shintō Seen Through Jan Assmann’s Concepts of Religion.” In: Bernard Faure, Michael Como, Iyanaga Nobumi (ed.), Rethinking Medieval Shintō (= Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie, vol.16). Kyoto: École françaised’Extrême-Orient, pp. 327–41.
  • 2007 “Esoterische Riten für den Tenno: Go-Tsuchimikados Initiation in den Yoshida Shinto.” Minikomi, Informationen des Akademischen Arbeitskreises Japan, vol. 74, pp. 13–17.
  • 2006 “Two Modes of Secrecy in the Nihon shoki Transmission.” In: Bernhard Scheid, Mark Teeuwen (ed.),The Culture of Secrecy in Japanese Religion. London, New York: Routledge, pp. 284–306.
  • 2006 “Preface.” In: Bernhard Scheid, Mark Teeuwen (ed.),The Culture of Secrecy in Japanese Religion. London, New York: Routledge, 2006, pp. xiv-xv.
  • 2005 “Deutschsprachige Shinto-Forschung im 20. Jahrhundert.” In: Roland Domenig, Susanne Formanek, Wolfram Manzenreiter (ed.), Über Japan denken – Japan überdenken. Festschrift für Sepp Linhart zum 60. Geburtstag von seinen Schülerinnen und Schülern. Münster, Hamburg, London: Lit Verlag 2005, pp. 279–302.
  • 2005 “Ecology and Shintō.” In: Lindsay Jones (ed.), Encyclopedia of Religion, Second Edition. Vol. 4. (Macmillan Reference USA) Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale 2005, pp. 2638–2641.
  • 2004 “Overcoming Taboos on Death: The Limited Possibilities of Discourse on the Afterlife in Shinto.” In: Susanne Formanek, William LaFleur (ed.), Practicing the Afterlife: Perspectives from Japan. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 205–230.
  • 2004 “Shinto – Ancient.” In: Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez (ed.), Encyclopedia of Religion and War (1st edition). New York: Berkshire/Routledge 2004, pp. 396–397.
  • 2003 “Die 'Universität der Nationalen Schule' überschreitet nationale Grenzen. Bericht über ein Symposium zur internationalen Shinto-Forschung.Minikomi 67 (2003), pp. 34–37.
  • 2003 “Nijū seiki no doitsugo-ken ni okeru shintō kenkyū”. In: Kokugakuin University, 21st Century Center of Excellence Program (ed.), Kakukuni ni okeru shintōkenkyū no genjō to kadai. Tokyo: Kokugakuin University 2003, pp. 9–23.
  • 2003 “Schlachtenlärm in den Gefilden der kami. Shintōistische Vergöttlichung im Fadenkreuz geistlicher und weltlicher Machtpolitik.” In Hannelore Eisenhofer-Halim (ed.), Wandel zwischen den Welten. Festschrift für Johannes Laube. Bern: Peter Lang, pp. 619–645.
  • 2003 “'Both Parts' or 'Only One'? Challenges to the honji suijaku paradigm in the Edo period.” In Mark Teeuwen, Fabio Rambelli (ed.), Buddhas and Kami in Japan: Honji Suijaku as a Combinatory Paradigm. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon 2003, pp. 204–221.
  • 2002 “Shinto as a Religion for the Warrior Class: The Case of Yoshikawa Koretari.” Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 29/3–4 (2002), pp. 299–324.
  • 2002, with Mark Teeuwen, “Tracing Shinto in the History of Kami Worship. Editors' Introduction.”" Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 29/3–4, pp. 195–207.
  • 2002 Review of Peter Banaschak, Schachspiele in Ostasien - Xiangqi, Changgi, Shogi. Quellen zu ihrer Geschichte und Entwicklung bis 1640 (München 2001). Bochumer Jahrbuch zur Ostasienforschung 26, pp. 261–266.
  • 2002 Review of Luo Ti-lun, Weigi - Vom Getöne der schwarzen und weißen Steine (Frankfurt 2002). Bochumer Jahrbuch zur Ostasienforschung 26, pp. 276–279.
  • 2002 “Land of the Kami and Way of the Kami in Yoshida Shintō.” In Klaus Antoni, e.a. (ed.), Religion and National Identity in the Japanese Context. Münster: Lit, pp. 193–215.
  • 2000 “Reading the Yuiitsu shintō myōbō yōshū: A Modern Exegesis of an Esoteric Shinto Text.” In John Breen and Mark Teeuwen (ed.), Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami. London: Curzon, pp. 117–143.
  • 1999 “Der Yoshida Shinto im Prozeß der Dissimilierung von Buddhismus und Shinto.” Minikomi - Informationen des Akademischen Arbeitskreis Japan 99/4, pp. 9–11.
  • 1998 Antwort auf Markus Rüttermanns Rezension von Im Innersten meines Herzens empfinde ich tiefe Scham. Das Alter im Schrifttum des japanischen Mittelalters. Nachrichten der Gesellschaft für Natur- und Völkerkunde Ostasiens (NOAG) 163–164, pp. 261–265.
  • 1997 Review of Mark Teeuwen, Watarai Shintō: An Intellectual History of the Outer Shrine in Ise. In Nachrichten der Gesellschaft für Natur- und Völkerkunde Ostasiens (NOAG) 161–162, pp. 266–271.
  • 1997 “An Old Tree in Bloom: Zeami and the Ambivalent Perspectives on Old Age.” In: Susanne Formanek and Sepp Linhart (ed.), Aging. Asian Concepts and Experiences Past and Present. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 97–106.
  • 1995 “Nihon no chūsei ni okeru rōjinzō.” Ajia no bunka to shisō 4, pp. 1–26.
  • 1991 “Die Richtung der Steine. Konzepte des Go-Spiels im kulturellen Vergleich.” In Japanstudien 3. München: iudicium-Verlag, pp. 301–314.

Translations

  • 2013 “Religion, Secularity, and the Articulation of the ‘Indigenous’ in Modernizing Japan” [by Isomae Jun'ichi in Scheid 2013, pp. 23-50]; “Nationalism and the Humanities in Modern Japan: Religious, Buddhist, Shinto, and Oriental Studies.” [by Hayashi Makoto in Scheid 2013, pp. 51-74]; “Colonial Empire and Mythology Studies: Research on Japanese Myth in the Early Shōwa Period” [by Hirafuji Kikuko in Scheid 2013, pp. 75-108].
  • 2008 with Mine Scheid-Katayama, Nagoya: Das Werden der japanischen Großstadt. Vienna: Wien Museum. (Exhibition catalogue) [Translation of Japanese contributions.]
  • 2006 “Mano Tokitsuna”; “Yamaga Sokō”; “Yamazaki Ansai”; “Yoshida Kanemi”; “Yoshida Kanemigi”; “Yoshida Kanetomo”; “Yoshikawa Koretari”. In: Norman Havens (ed.) Encyclopedia of Shinto, Vol. 3: Groups, Organizations, Personalities. Tokyo: Kokugakuin University, 2006. (Online version.)
  • 1999 “Go and Shogi Players between Pomp and Fussiness at the Edo Castle.” [Annotated translation of Masukawa Kōichi “Ōhashi-ke bunsho kaiketsu (2): Enpō ni-nen dankan.”] published on the internet at http://gobase.org/information/history/edo/.
  • 1996 “The Distinctive Features of Sannō Ichijitsu Shinto” [Annotated translation of Sugahara Shinkai “Sannō ichijitsu shintō no tokushitsu”]. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 23/1–2, pp. 61–84.
  • 1994 Shunkan. [Fragments of the No play Shunkan (by Zeami) and the play Kikaigashima by Chikamatsu Monzaemon; textbook for a performance of No, Bunraku, and Kabuki at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna 1994] Vienna: Atelier Q.
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